Key parts of user experience

Key parts of user experience
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In our comprehensive UI/UX design guide we made a list of the main UX design parts. But it is likely, you’d like to find more about them and know what other things are considered when you do user experience design. That is why today we decided to describe the key parts of user experience for you in details. 

The scheme we will explain to you today exists for more than 20 years already. It is very useful even now, despite some minor changes that have been brought by the web development. The essence of UX design could be seen as the evolution of hypertext system that is now transformed into a sophisticated software interface. And all the key parts of the user experience could be also described from the original point of view information-oriented structure.

A basic duality:

Software interface vs. hypertext system

The web was originally conceived as a hypertextual information space but the development of increasingly sophisticated front- and backend technologies has fostered its use as a remote software interface. This dual nature has led to much confusion, as user experience practitioners have attempted to adapt their terminology to cases beyond the scope of its original application. We will try to clarify the underlying relationships among these various elements and explain each the key element from both sides.

The key elements of the user experience:

  • Visual Design
  • Information Design
  • Interaction Design/Information Architecture
  • Functional Specifications/Content Requirements
  • User Needs/Site Objectives

Key parts of user experience design. Syndicode design

UX as Software Interface (task-oriented)

  • Visual Design
    The graphic treatment of interface elements in ‘look-and-feel’ as we used to understand it.
  • Information Design
    In a nutshell, this is designing the presentation of information to facilitate understanding.
    From the Software Interface point of view, it can be described as Interface Design (as in traditional human-computer interaction or HCI design of interface elements to facilitate user interaction with functionality).
  • Interaction Design
    Development of application flows to facilitate user tasks, defining how the user interacts with the website or application functionality.
  • Functional Specifications
    These specifications define the number and the functions of the features should be presented, the detailed descriptions of functionality the site or application must include in order to meet user needs.
  • User Needs
    User needs are the externally derived goals that are identified through user research, ethno/techno/psychographics, etc.
  • Site Objectives
    These could be business, creative, or other internally derived goals for the particular website or application.

UX as Hypertext System (information-oriented)

  • Visual Design
    From hypertext point of view, visual design is described as visual treatment of the text, graphic page elements and navigational components.
  • Information Design
    Here, the information design is the process of designing the presentation of information to facilitate understanding. From Hypertext System point of view, it can be described as Navigation Design (design of interface elements to facilitate the user’s movement through the information architecture).
  • Information Architecture (IA)
    In a nutshell, this is the structural design of the information space to facilitate intuitive access to content.
  • Content Requirements
    Definition of content elements required in the site or app in order to meet user needs.
  • User Needs
    In this case, user needs are the externally derived goals for the site; identified through user research, ethno/techno/psychographics, etc.
  • Site Objectives
    The same as for software interface, site objectives presented as business, creative, or other internally derived goals for the site or application.

We hope, this explanation was helpful! As you see, the UX design elements mostly remain the same, but their essence came from the information-oriented hypertext system, that is why to create working user experience flow you have to know the logic and the structural design of the information space.

Find the UX design process steps and the other workflows, terms, nuances, and tips for web and mobile application design in our UI/UX design guide!

As a bonus, here you have the list of 96 UX and design events to visit in 2019.

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